经济学是一门研究选择的学问。人们活在世上总是在进行着各种选择。发展落后的国家希望尽快工业化发展经济，来改善自己的生存环境。而工业化后的国家则希望发展同时兼顾环境。于是落后国家需要50年来发展工业，搞基建，破坏环境。之后的50年则拼命治理环境，发展生态。由于地球生态是一个整体，发达国家非常不爽落后的国家搞工业化污染环境，于是各种矛盾。不过在21世纪，有望利用信息数字科技打破50-50年法则，为新一批的国家崛起提供蹊径( ๑´•ω•) “
Economics is a study of choice. People are always making various choices in the world. Countries that are underdeveloped hope to industrialize and develop their economy as soon as possible to improve their living environment. The post-industrial countries hope to develop while taking the environment into consideration. So backward countries need 50 years to develop industry, engage in infrastructure construction, and destroy the environment. For the next 50 years, he worked hard to control the environment and develop the ecology. Because the earth’s ecology is a whole, developed countries are very upset and backward countries are engaged in industrialization and polluting the environment, so various contradictions arise. However, in the 21st century, it is expected to use information and digital technology to break the 50-50 year rule and provide a path for the rise of a new group of countries (๑´•ω•) “
The natural environment is relatively harsh and not entirely suitable for human survival. Therefore, human beings with subjective initiative begin to change the environment from the impulse. This psychological behavior gradually resulted in a magnificent story called “development”, and everyone was convinced of it. As described in the story, in order to achieve this goal, people begin to reduce internal friction (war), and society tends to be highly divided.
Human beings have a basic psychological effect called the Zeignik effect, which means that if a person starts to do something, it will be difficult to stop in the middle. This effect will be intensified in group behavior. When people start to pursue development, and get a certain amount of incentives (life is indeed more comfortable, at least people think so), then this momentum will not easily stop, so mankind has entered a millennium-level development period.
In the early stages of development, too much infrastructure needs to be built, too much industry needs to be developed, and the most important thing is that everyone is very poor at this time, and they are only working hard towards the goal of development under the support of a belief. And generally at this time, there will often be other powerful countries looking at you, so at this time, everyone will be very united, but they will not care about the environment and ecology like their ancestors and descendants. There is only one idea that I hope to develop.
After about 50 years of development, my life is better and I am more confident, and I start to pay attention to some longer-term things, such as education and the environment. So in the next 50 years, I began to work hard to improve the environment and engage in education. As a result, the environment gradually improved, and the next generation grew up. So the younger generation made use of the book knowledge in their minds and began to criticize their ancestors for destroying the environment, which is not good or not, and began to invest in scientific research funds. The stock market began to remain high in environmental protection-related sectors, and sustainable development began to become many people. Mantra. At this time, the culprits who were damaging the environment at that time were retiring at home and happily watching this happen. It’s probably such a process.
The curve in the figure above shows us very scientifically the inevitable trend of a country swinging between development and the environment. Behind this chart, the following points are reflected:
- People tend to only consider their own assumptions
- Different from individual characteristics of the population
- Survival resources are scarce
- Inefficient circulation of production materials
This means that if any of the above conditions can be changed, the Kuznet curse will hopefully be changed, thereby reducing the swing cycle and amplitude, controlling the cost of environmental reconstruction and restoration, and truly achieving the high-efficiency and sustainable development that people hope on the macro level. . The new generation of digital information technology is the key to this possibility.
Economic Development and The Environment.pdf
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